What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a disease that affects women when there is an imbalance in their sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone). The consequence of this hormonal imbalance are alterations in the skin, in the menstrual cycle, difficult to get pregnant and the appearance of cysts in the ovaries, which can lead to infertility.

Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

n addition to the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, women also produce, in low amounts, male hormones (androgens). Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome occurs when these hormones are unbalanced: androgens are overproduced, which causes undesirable changes in normal levels of estrogen and progesterone. 

To understand better

The follicles are like pouches that are on the ovaries. In a normal situation, one or more eggs are released during the menstrual cycle. But when a woman is affected by the polycystic ovarian syndrome, the follicles can not make the eggs mature and become ready for ovulation, so they end up turning cysts inside the woman’s ovary. These changes can lead a woman to infertility when the disease is not treated in time. 

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome usually affects women in the 20-30 age group. But in recent years, she has also been diagnosed in adolescents, especially if her family already has some history of the disease.

symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

  • Acne
  • Appearance of dark patches on the skin and folds around the armpits, neck and groin
  • Excessive hair, even on the face
  • Irregularity and failures in the constant menstrual cycle
  • Reduction in breast size
  • Voice bell a little more serious
  • Variation of the menstrual period very abruptly, going from very mild to intense in a range of 1 to 2 months at least

Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Usually, the treatment of the disease is based on the following principles: 

  • Use of contraceptive pills, to balance the female hormones and regularize the menstrual cycle
  • Anti-androgen medications if contraceptive pills do not work. 
  • Losing weight is also recommended, to balance the production of hormones naturally. 
  • Use of specific creams to retard/prevent the growth of facial hair in women; 
  • If you have started to have any of the symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, seek your gynaecologist, who will do tests and detect whether or not you have the disease.

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