Causes of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy

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Abdominal pain is very common during pregnancy. In most cases, it is not a serious problem. However, if it is associated with other symptoms, it may indicate the presence of more or less serious conditions.

Risks of abdominal pain during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the pains felt in the abdominal region and the lower abdomen are due to several factors, more or less serious. In any case, these symptoms are reason enough to consult the doctor or gynaecologist immediately in order to prevent complications that could endanger the life of the child and/or mother.

Types of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy

Most abdominal pains are not pathological and affect almost all pregnant women at different stages of gestation. They may spread all over the abdomen or restrict themselves to the lower abdomen or the uterus. Usually, they are a benign pelvic ligament syndrome, characterized by a sensation of colic in the lower abdomen, low back pain or pains caused by movements. This discomfort makes it difficult for the pregnant woman to move. At the end of pregnancy, at around 38 weeks, pain may be more frequent and originates from contractions that precede delivery.

Diseases associated with abdominal pain in pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

The ectopic pregnancy refers to implantation of the zygote outside the uterus (usually in a fallopian tube). Ectopic pregnancy is a very serious condition that can cause internal bleeding and put the life of the pregnant woman at risk. Symptoms include severe and persistent abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, dizziness and fainting.

Spontaneous abortion

One in four pregnancies ends in spontaneous abortion. A miscarriage occurs when accidental expulsion of the fetus occurs, usually before six months (28 weeks) of pregnancy. Symptoms preceding spontaneous abortion include cramping and abdominal pain, heavy and continuous vaginal bleeding, and disappearance of signs of pregnancy, such as decreased breast volume.

Twisting cyst in ovary

The formation of cysts (benign or malignant ovarian tumors) can cause complications during pregnancy. One of the most common is the twisting of a cyst in the ovary, which requires performing an emergency surgery.

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